Two Trains from Poland

Publisher : Xlibris Corporation
Release Date :
ISBN : 9781456854645
Pages : 227 pages
Rating Book: 4.5/5 (854 users)

Download or read book Two Trains from Poland written by Krystyna M. Sklenarz, MD and published by Xlibris Corporation. This book was released on 2011-02-26 with total page 227 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: There were countless shocking accounts of WWII experiences portraying sufferings of innocent civilian victims. In the U.S., most of them focused on Nazi-German atrocities, victims of Holocaust but much fewer on the Soviet Union, a Nazi - German partner in crime, whose offences were whitewashed or underreported. “Two trains from Poland” is a beautiful and moving story, almost epical account of a little, 6 years old Polish girl from an upper middle class, father a lawyer; mother a university graduate, very literate housewife, a three year old sister and grandparents living nearby. It is a story of survival written 60 years after the events. A midnight knock at her door changed everything for a 6 year old Krystyna Sklenarz. In the middle of the night, a Soviet NKWD (KGB) agent informed her mother that that they are being deported from Poland to Siberia. When asked by her terrified and anxious mother for more details regarding their final destination, the NKWD officer coolly retorted “you are going to where the devil says goodbye”, an old Russian saying needing no further amplification. In her memoirs, Krystyna depicts horror of war from occupation by hostile powers, two years in Siberia, starvation, typhus, life threatening illness in a foreign and hostile country, void of rudimental sanitation and medication, shuttered and disrupted family life, death of her younger sister, an opium den in Persia, mingled with the native aristocracy, learned to speak Farsi, being torpedoed near South Africa, and the arriving in London to live through the Nazi Blitz in the London subway and talking briefly to the Queen. Through it all, Krystyna refused to give up. This is her story this is her journey from the Siberian wasteland, through her struggle to achieve education in a foreign language in only five years, to her entrance into medical school at only 17. The palette of her life has many hues some bright, some dark and hopeless, others funny. Events happened in her life which at times tested credulity. In Teheran in 1942, she was a guest on several occasions in the home of the Shah’s relative and in London, the Queen spoke to her a few words. Krystyna recounts all of this in this tale of courage and perseverance, discussing her stubborn refusal to allow the Nazis or Soviets to defeat her and recounts her later journey and struggles as a female striving to be a doctor when women weren’t supposed to be doctors. The surviving little girl grew up and became a principled and caring woman, whose life taught her self-reliance and dismissed outright any dependence on immediate relief of stress or adversity by artificial intervention through counseling, support groups, drugs legal or illegal, the devises many rely on in our society used to relieve stress and life disappointments. Doctor Sklenarz was an extraordinary woman weathering life in Soviet imprisonment , in exile , in then man-dominated field of medicine, winning admiration of her peers, patients, acquiesces, and love of the entire family scattered through the world.. Through out the entire fourteen months of struggle with painful terminal cancer, Krystyna was true to her character and principles, bearing her fate with dignified stoicism, endurance and without complaints. With her attention to detail and vivid recollection of events, Krystyna takes the reader through a remarkable journey in history and of the human spirit.

Polish-Slovak Borderland

Publisher : IGiPZ PAN
Release Date :
ISBN : 8361590978
Pages : 328 pages
Rating Book: 4.6/5 (361 users)

Download or read book Polish-Slovak Borderland written by Marek Więckowski and published by IGiPZ PAN. This book was released on 2012 with total page 328 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

The potential for improved accessibility and tourism development in the Polish-Slovak borderland : conditions, recommendations and good practices

Publisher :
Release Date :
ISBN : 8361590803
Pages : 82 pages
Rating Book: 4.6/5 (361 users)

Download or read book The potential for improved accessibility and tourism development in the Polish-Slovak borderland : conditions, recommendations and good practices written by Marek Więckowski and published by . This book was released on 2012 with total page 82 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Safety and Reliability of Complex Engineered Systems

Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 1315648415
Pages : 730 pages
Rating Book: 4.1/5 (315 users)

Download or read book Safety and Reliability of Complex Engineered Systems written by Luca Podofillini and published by CRC Press. This book was released on 2015-09-03 with total page 730 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Safety and Reliability of Complex Engineered Systems contains the Proceedings of the 25th European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2015, held 7-10 September 2015 in Zurich, Switzerland. It includes about 570 papers accepted for presentation at the conference. These contributions focus on theories and methods in the area of risk, safety and

Poland Alone

Publisher : The History Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0752469436
Pages : 192 pages
Rating Book: 4.5/5 (752 users)

Download or read book Poland Alone written by Jonathan Walker and published by The History Press. This book was released on 2011-08-26 with total page 192 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: POLAND was the ‘tripwire’ that brought Britain into the Second World War, but neither Britain nor Poland’s older ally, France, had the military means to prevent Poland being overrun, and the broadcast, ‘Poland is no longer alone’ had a distinctly hollow ring. During the next five years the Polish Government-in-exile and armed forces made a significant contribution to the Allied war effort; in return the Polish Underground (Home Army) received only paltry quantities of supplies and men. Using veterans’ testimonies and previously classified material, Jonathan Walker examines the heroic attempts by elements of SOE and the RAF to aid the Poles, against a background of Allied inertia and calculating Soviet ambition. The war ended with over six million Poles dead, the crushing of their resistance movement and their culture, and the imposition of Soviet control. What more could Britain have done to help her loyal ally?

Computer Security

Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date :
ISBN : 3030420485
Pages : 440 pages
Rating Book: 4.3/5 (3 users)

Download or read book Computer Security written by Sokratis Katsikas and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2020-02-21 with total page 440 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book constitutes the refereed post-conference proceedings of the 5th International Workshop on Security of Industrial Control Systems and Cyber-Physical Systems, CyberICPS 2019, the Third International Workshop on Security and Privacy Requirements Engineering, SECPRE 2019, the First International Workshop on Security, Privacy, Organizations, and Systems Engineering, SPOSE 2019, and the Second International Workshop on Attacks and Defenses for Internet-of-Things, ADIoT 2019, held in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg, in September 2019, in conjunction with the 24th European Symposium on Research in Computer Security, ESORICS 2019. The CyberICPS Workshop received 13 submissions from which 5 full papers and 2 short papers were selected for presentation. They cover topics related to threats, vulnerabilities and risks that cyber-physical systems and industrial control systems face; cyber attacks that may be launched against such systems; and ways of detecting and responding to such attacks. From the SECPRE Workshop 9 full papers out of 14 submissions are included. The selected papers deal with aspects of security and privacy requirements assurance and evaluation; and security requirements elicitation and modelling and to GDPR compliance. The SPOSE Workshop received 7 submissions from which 3 full papers and 1 demo paper were accepted for publication. They demonstrate the possible spectrum for fruitful research at the intersection of security, privacy, organizational science, and systems engineering. From the ADIoT Workshop 5 full papers and 2 short papers out of 16 submissions are included. The papers focus on IoT attacks and defenses and discuss either practical or theoretical solutions to identify IoT vulnerabilities and IoT security mechanisms.

Lower Silesia From Nazi Germany To Communist Poland 1942-49

Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN : 1349232165
Pages : 381 pages
Rating Book: 4.4/5 (349 users)

Download or read book Lower Silesia From Nazi Germany To Communist Poland 1942-49 written by Sebastian Siebel-Achenbach and published by Springer. This book was released on 1994-01-21 with total page 381 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Lower Silesia was one of the regions Germany lost to Poland following the Second World War. During the space of a few years, the entire territory was transformed, reversing the tradition of centuries. The eviction and suffering of the indigenous Germans is contrasted with the similar hardships the Polish resettlers were forced to undergo. Striking is the similarity of manipulation of both Silesian groups by their political masters. That Lower Silesia was ceded at all reveals much about wartime and postwar Allied negotiations which culminated in the Cold War.

Biopolitics in Central and Eastern Europe in the 20th Century

Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release Date :
ISBN : 1000774171
Pages : 309 pages
Rating Book: 4.0/5 ( users)

Download or read book Biopolitics in Central and Eastern Europe in the 20th Century written by Barbara Klich-Kluczewska and published by Taylor & Francis. This book was released on 2022-10-21 with total page 309 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The field of biopolitics encompasses issues from health and hygiene, birth rates, fertility and sexuality, life expectancy and demography to eugenics and racial regimes. This book is the first to provide a comprehensive view on these issues for Central and Eastern Europe in the twentieth century. The cataclysms of imperial collapse, World War(s) and the Holocaust but also the rise of state socialism after 1945 provided extraordinary and distinct conditions for the governing of life and death. The volume collects the latest research and empirical studies from the region to showcase the diversity of biopolitical regimes in their regional and global context – from hunger relief for Hungarian children after the First World War to abortion legislation in communist Poland. It underlines the similarities as well, demonstrating how biopolitical strategies in this area often revolved around the notion of an endangered nation; and how ideological schemes and post-imperial experiences in Eastern Europe further complicate a 'western' understanding of democratic participatory and authoritarian repressive biopolitics. The new geographical focus invites scholars and students of social and human sciences to reconsider established perspectives on the history of population management and the history of Europe.

High-Speed Rail in Poland

Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 1351003291
Pages : 522 pages
Rating Book: 4.5/5 (351 users)

Download or read book High-Speed Rail in Poland written by Andrzej Zurkowski and published by CRC Press. This book was released on 2018-07-24 with total page 522 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Railway Research Institute (Instytut Kolejnictwa) in Warsaw was established in 1951 and was, until 2000, part of the Polish State Railways (PKP). At present, it serves as an independent entity, it is subordinated to the minister responsible for transport. Since its inception, the Institute has been the centre of competence for technology, technique and organization of operation and services in rail transport, particularly in respect to innovation. One of its fundamental tasks also includes activities connected with safety which are carried out in close cooperation with the National Safety Authority, i.e. the Office of Rail Transport. At the same time the Institute participated in the process of upgrading and modernization of the rail network in Poland. Experience in high speed rail, gained as a result of international cooperation and basing on the effort to increase speed on railway lines in Poland (so far 200 km/h), is included in the monograph “Koleje Dużych Prędkości w Polsce” (High Speed Rail in Poland) published in 2015 for the benefit of the Polish reader. This monograph aims at reaching an international audience of experts so as to present Polish determinants of HSR implementation. In order to elaborate this monograph, apart from specialists from the Railway Research Institute, experts from other research and academic centres were invited. Not only presenting a wide range of problems connected with future construction of High Speed Lines in Polish conditions, but also a number of operational ones. The authors have created a reference work of universal character, solving problems in order to build and operate high speed rail systems in countries on a similar level of development as Poland. Features: providing requirements for design and upgrade of engineering works on High Speed Rail development information on restructuring and building railway lines for countries starting to develop a High Speed Rail system dealing with organizational, engineering, socioeconomic and economic demands for transport services and the formation of human resources for constructing and operting a High Speed Rails system. Presenting these problems on the international arena will facilitate future cooperation and application of world experience to create HSR in Poland and integrate the Polish HSR network into the international one.

My Darkest Years

Publisher : McFarland
Release Date :
ISBN : 0786480181
Pages : 228 pages
Rating Book: 4.8/5 (786 users)

Download or read book My Darkest Years written by James Bachner and published by McFarland. This book was released on 2010-06-25 with total page 228 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Born in Berlin in 1922, James Bachner was a German Jew during the darkest days of the Third Reich. Once a happy child in a well-to-do German family, as the years passed Bachner faced first ridicule and persecution, then imprisonment and deprivation. Attributing his survival to a combination of strength and being in the right place at the right time, Bachner’s memoir is a poignant and often horrific account of Jewish struggles during the days of World War II. Beginning with his idyllic childhood, Bachner expresses the range of emotions he experienced as the Nazis transformed his homeland into a nation where he and his fellow Jews were no longer welcome. He describes the volatile political atmosphere and the fears inspired in all Germans by tales of the concentration camps. In addition, he tells of the belief many Jews held that the West would step in and put an end to Hitler’s reign. The work then details the realities of life in a concentration camp. The end of the war, Bachner’s reunion with his remaining family members and his eventual relocation to America are also discussed.

Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 24

Publisher : Liverpool University Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 1837648980
Pages : 469 pages
Rating Book: 4.3/5 (837 users)

Download or read book Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 24 written by Israel Bartal and published by Liverpool University Press. This book was released on 2022-08-23 with total page 469 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: By emphasizing commonalities, influences, and exchanges, this volume counters the long-established image of permanent conflict and offers a new model for understanding Jewish history in eastern Europe.

The Jewish Oil Magnates of Galicia

Publisher : McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
Release Date :
ISBN : 0773584021
Pages : 522 pages
Rating Book: 4.7/5 (773 users)

Download or read book The Jewish Oil Magnates of Galicia written by Julien Hirszhaut and published by McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP. This book was released on 2015-07-01 with total page 522 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The near-annihilation of Europe's Jews in the Second World War destroyed not only much of their history, but also knowledge of the contributions they made to the regions in which they lived. In The Jewish Oil Magnates of Galicia, Valerie Schatzker rescues the almost-forgotten story of the Jews who became the "wildcatters" and oil barons in one of the world's first petroleum industries. Combining a history of Galicia's petroleum industry with an annotated English translation of Julien Hirszhaut's Yiddish novel Di yiddishe naftmagnatn (The Jewish Oil Magnates), Schatzker traces the near-century-long boom and bust cycle that took place in the Austro-Hungarian province - from the perilous, back-breaking work of digging for oil by hand, to the introduction of the Canadian drill that increased production. Galician Jews worked in the industry from its beginning to its final days under German occupation. They were pioneers in exploration, refining, and marketing, and in the first part of the twentieth century were prominent among its technical, scientific, and managerial leaders. After the First World War, as borders shifted and minorities clashed, oil resources declined. During the Second World War, Nazi occupiers, using Jewish slave labourers, squeezed out the last barrels for their war effort. Schatzker’s study and Hirszhaut’s novel illuminate and inform each other: her monograph provides the historical context for the novel and his novel provides colour and detail, personalizing the history. Together, they offer a valuable glimpse into Jewish life in a vanished era.

Communism, Nationalism and Ethnicity in Poland, 1944-1950

Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN : 1135276382
Pages : 218 pages
Rating Book: 4.3/5 (135 users)

Download or read book Communism, Nationalism and Ethnicity in Poland, 1944-1950 written by Michael Fleming and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2009-09-10 with total page 218 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book fills a significant gap in the study of the establishment of communist rule in Poland in the key period of 1944–1950. It shows that nationalism and nationality policy were fundamentally important in the consolidation of communist rule, acting as a crucial nexus through which different groups were both coerced and were able to consent to the new unfolding social and political order. Drawing on extensive archival research, including national and regional archives in Poland, it provides a detailed and nuanced understanding of the early years of communist rule in Poland. It shows how after the war the communist Polish Workers Party (PPR) was able to redirect widespread anger resulting from the actions of the NKVD, Soviet Army and the communists to more ‘realistic’ targets such as minority communities, and that this displacement of anger helped the party to connect with a broader constituency and present itself as the only party able to protect Polish interests. It considers the role played by the West, including the endorsement by the Grand Alliance of homogenising policies such as population transfer. It also explores the relationship between the communists and other powerful institutions in Polish society, such as the Catholic Church which was treated fairly liberally until late 1947 as it played an important function in identifying who was Polish. Finally, the book considers important episodes – hitherto neglected by scholars – that shed new light upon the emergence of the Cold War and the contours of Cold War geopolitics, such as the ‘Westphalian incident’ of 1947–48, and the arrival of Greek refugees in Poland in the period 1948–1950.

Lonely Planet Poland

Publisher : Lonely Planet
Release Date :
ISBN : 1788689550
Pages : pages
Rating Book: 4.8/5 (788 users)

Download or read book Lonely Planet Poland written by Lonely Planet and published by Lonely Planet. This book was released on 2020-03-01 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Lonely Planet's Poland is your most up-to-date advice on what to see and skip, and what hidden discoveries await you. Sample Krakow's nightlife, learn dramatic history in Warsaw and wander Gdansk's medieval lanes- all with your trusted travel companion.

The Polish Underground 1939-1947

Publisher : Pen and Sword
Release Date :
ISBN : 1848842813
Pages : 273 pages
Rating Book: 4.4/5 (848 users)

Download or read book The Polish Underground 1939-1947 written by David G Williamson and published by Pen and Sword. This book was released on 2012-04-12 with total page 273 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Polish partisan army, the largest in Europe, fought with extraordinary tenacity against the Wehrmacht during the Warsaw Uprising. This was the most famous manifestation of organized, large-scale, armed resistance to Hitler's rule. Yet the wider story of the Polish underground movement, which fought the Nazi and Soviet occupying powers, has rarely been told. As David Williamson demonstrates in this concise and authoritative new study, a reassessment of the actions, the impact and the legacy of Polish resistance is long overdue. He tells a fascinating, often tragic story. The resistance movement sprang up rapidly after the shock of defeat of 1939, and the network grew and adapted as the war progressed. It took many forms – propaganda, spying, assassination, disruption, sabotage and guerrilla warfare. Many different groups – some with conflicting aims and loyalties - were involved. There were isolated partisan bands, the Jewish resistance which fought defiantly against deportation to the death camps, and the Home Army which confronted the Germans in Warsaw with such disastrous consequences in 1944. The scale and intensity of the resistance movement, which was fighting against overwhelming odds, were quite remarkable. David Williamson's graphic account goes beyond the formal end of the Second World War, for Poland remained in a state of flux as a clandestine civil war was waged between the Communists and former members of the Home Army until the Communist regime took power in 1947. His study offers an absorbing insight into the plight of Poland during the war and into its immediate post-war history.