Download or read book Views of the U.S. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine on Agenda Items of Interest to the Science Services at the World Radiocommunication Conference 2019 written by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and published by National Academies Press. This book was released on 2018-01-26 with total page 74 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The radio frequency spectrum is a limited resource with ever increasing demand from an expansive range of applicationsâ€"all the way from commercial, such as mobile phones, to scientific, such as hurricane monitoring from space. Since radio waves do not stop at national borders, international regulation is necessary to ensure effective use of the radio spectrum for all parties. Every 2 to 5 years, the International Telecommunication Union convenes a World Radiocommunication Conference (WRC) to review and revise the international radio regulations. This report provides guidance to U.S. spectrum managers and policymakers as they prepare for the WRC in 2019. While the resulting document is targeted primarily at U.S. agencies dealing with radio spectrum issues, other Administrations and foreign scientific users may find its recommendations useful in their own WRC planning.

Advancing Sustainability of U.S.-Mexico Transboundary Drylands

Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0309484243
Pages : 80 pages
Rating Book: 4.0/5 (39 users)

Download or read book Advancing Sustainability of U.S.-Mexico Transboundary Drylands written by Academia Mexicana de Ciencias, Academia de Ingeniería de México y Academia Nacional de Medicina de México and published by National Academies Press. This book was released on 2019-01-27 with total page 80 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The drylands region shared by the United States and Mexico currently faces multiple sustainability challenges at the intersection of the human and natural systems. Warming and drying conditions threaten surface water and groundwater availability, disrupt land- and marine-based livelihood systems, and challenge the sustainability of human settlements. These biophysical challenges are exacerbated by a highly mobile and dynamic population, volatile economic and policy conditions, increased exposure to extreme events, and urbanization on marginal, vulnerable lands. The U.S. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine collaborated with the Mexican Academy of Sciences, Academy of Engineering, and the National Academy of Medicine to plan a 2-day binational workshop, Advancing Sustainability of U.S.-Mexico Transboundary Drylands. The workshop goals were to highlight the challenges facing the region, assess the scientific and technical capacity that each nation can bring to bear in addressing these challenges, and identify new opportunities for binational research collaboration and coordinated management approaches in the advancement of sustainability science and development. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Science and Engineering for Grades 6-12

Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0309482607
Pages : 328 pages
Rating Book: 4.0/5 (39 users)

Download or read book Science and Engineering for Grades 6-12 written by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and published by National Academies Press. This book was released on 2019-03-12 with total page 328 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: It is essential for today's students to learn about science and engineering in order to make sense of the world around them and participate as informed members of a democratic society. The skills and ways of thinking that are developed and honed through engaging in scientific and engineering endeavors can be used to engage with evidence in making personal decisions, to participate responsibly in civic life, and to improve and maintain the health of the environment, as well as to prepare for careers that use science and technology. The majority of Americans learn most of what they know about science and engineering as middle and high school students. During these years of rapid change for students' knowledge, attitudes, and interests, they can be engaged in learning science and engineering through schoolwork that piques their curiosity about the phenomena around them in ways that are relevant to their local surroundings and to their culture. Many decades of education research provide strong evidence for effective practices in teaching and learning of science and engineering. One of the effective practices that helps students learn is to engage in science investigation and engineering design. Broad implementation of science investigation and engineering design and other evidence-based practices in middle and high schools can help address present-day and future national challenges, including broadening access to science and engineering for communities who have traditionally been underrepresented and improving students' educational and life experiences. Science and Engineering for Grades 6-12: Investigation and Design at the Center revisits America's Lab Report: Investigations in High School Science in order to consider its discussion of laboratory experiences and teacher and school readiness in an updated context. It considers how to engage today's middle and high school students in doing science and engineering through an analysis of evidence and examples. This report provides guidance for teachers, administrators, creators of instructional resources, and leaders in teacher professional learning on how to support students as they make sense of phenomena, gather and analyze data/information, construct explanations and design solutions, and communicate reasoning to self and others during science investigation and engineering design. It also provides guidance to help educators get started with designing, implementing, and assessing investigation and design.

A Quadrennial Review of the National Nanotechnology Initiative

Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0309674654
Pages : 138 pages
Rating Book: 4.0/5 (39 users)

Download or read book A Quadrennial Review of the National Nanotechnology Initiative written by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and published by National Academies Press. This book was released on 2020-09-26 with total page 138 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Global advances in medicine, food, water, energy, microelectronics, communications, defense, and other important sectors of the economy are increasingly driven by discoveries in nanoscience and the development of nanotechnologies. Engaging the nanoscience and technology community in the crafting of national priorities, developing novel approaches for translating fundamental discovery to a technology readiness level appropriate for venture/industry funding, increasing domestic student interest in nanoscience to expand the workforce pipeline, and exploring new ways of coordinating the work of the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) are all imperatives if the United States is to fully reap the societal benefits of nanotechnology. A Quadrennial Review of the National Nanotechnology Initiative provides a framework for a redesign of the NNI and its coordination with the goal of achieving a U.S. resurgence in nanotechnology. This report makes recommendations to improve the value of the NNI's research and development strategy and portfolio to the economic prosperity and national security of the United States.

Assessing the Risks of Integrating Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) into the National Airspace System

Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0309477506
Pages : 78 pages
Rating Book: 4.0/5 (39 users)

Download or read book Assessing the Risks of Integrating Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) into the National Airspace System written by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and published by National Academies Press. This book was released on 2018-11-04 with total page 78 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: When discussing the risk of introducing drones into the National Airspace System, it is necessary to consider the increase in risk to people in manned aircraft and on the ground as well as the various ways in which this new technology may reduce risk and save lives, sometimes in ways that cannot readily be accounted for with current safety assessment processes. This report examines the various ways that risk can be defined and applied to integrating these Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) into the National Airspace System managed by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). It also identifies needs for additional research and developmental opportunities in this field.

Advancing Disease Modeling in Animal-Based Research in Support of Precision Medicine

Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0309471192
Pages : 138 pages
Rating Book: 4.0/5 (39 users)

Download or read book Advancing Disease Modeling in Animal-Based Research in Support of Precision Medicine written by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and published by National Academies Press. This book was released on 2018-05-29 with total page 138 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Precision medicine is focused on the individual and will require the rapid and accurate identification and prioritization of causative factors of disease. To move forward and accelerate the delivery of the anticipated benefits of precision medicine, developing predictable, reproducible, and reliable animal models will be essential. In order to explore the topic of animal-based research and its relevance to precision medicine, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a 2-day workshop on October 5 and 6, 2017. The workshop was designed to focus on the development, implementation, and interpretation of model organisms to advance and accelerate the field of precision medicine. Participants examined the extent to which next-generation animal models, designed using patient data and phenotyping platforms targeted to reveal and inform disease mechanisms, will be essential to the successful implementation of precision medicine. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

An Assessment of the Communications Technology Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology

Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0309498988
Pages : 58 pages
Rating Book: 4.0/5 (39 users)

Download or read book An Assessment of the Communications Technology Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology written by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and published by National Academies Press. This book was released on 2019-12-03 with total page 58 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: An Assessment of the Communications Technology Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2019 is an independent technical assessment of the quality of the National Institute of Standards and Technology's (NIST's) Communications Technology Laboratory (CTL). It reviews the organization's technical programs, the portfolio of scientific expertise within the organization, the adequacy of the organization's facilities, equipment, and human resources, and the effectiveness by which the organization disseminates its program outputs. This report focuses on CTL priority areas such as public safety communications, trusted spectrum testing, and Next Generation Wireless (5G and Beyond). It also assesses the extent to which CTL applied the recommendations from a 2015 National Academies' report, which describes many of the critical uses of radio communications, provides lab-specific recommendations, and highlights important research priorities for the Boulder, Colorado communications technology laboratory of the Department of Commerce laboratory. This new report also describes the current activities of the Boulder telecommunications laboratories, its strengths and weaknesses as an organization, and its plans for the near future

Leveraging Advances in Social Network Thinking for National Security

Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0309473829
Pages : 76 pages
Rating Book: 4.0/5 (39 users)

Download or read book Leveraging Advances in Social Network Thinking for National Security written by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and published by National Academies Press. This book was released on 2018-06-07 with total page 76 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Beginning in October 2017, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine organized a set of workshops designed to gather information for the Decadal Survey of Social and Behavioral Sciences for Applications to National Security. The third workshop focused on advances in social network thinking, and this publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from this workshop.

Powering Science

Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0309463866
Pages : 126 pages
Rating Book: 4.0/5 (39 users)

Download or read book Powering Science written by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and published by National Academies Press. This book was released on 2017-12-29 with total page 126 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: NASA's Science Mission Directorate (SMD) currently operates over five dozen missions, with approximately two dozen additional missions in development. These missions span the scientific fields associated with SMD's four divisionsâ€"Astrophysics, Earth Science, Heliophysics, and Planetary Sciences. Because a single mission can consist of multiple spacecraft, NASA-SMD is responsible for nearly 100 operational spacecraft. The most high profile of these are the large strategic missions, often referred to as "flagships." Large strategic missions are essential to maintaining the global leadership of the United States in space exploration and in science because only the United States has the budget, technology, and trained personnel in multiple scientific fields to conduct missions that attract a range of international partners. This report examines the role of large, strategic missions within a balanced program across NASA-SMD space and Earth sciences programs. It considers the role and scientific productivity of such missions in advancing science, technology and the long-term health of the field, and provides guidance that NASA can use to help set the priority of larger missions within a properly balanced program containing a range of mission classes.

Opportunities from the Integration of Simulation Science and Data Science

Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0309481899
Pages : 48 pages
Rating Book: 4.0/5 (39 users)

Download or read book Opportunities from the Integration of Simulation Science and Data Science written by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and published by National Academies Press. This book was released on 2018-07-31 with total page 48 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Convergence has been a key topic of discussion about the future of cyberinfrastructure for science and engineering research. Convergence refers both to the combined use of simulation and data-centric techniques in science and engineering research and the possibilities for a single type of cyberinfrastructure to support both techniques. The National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine convened a Workshop on Converging Simulation and Data-Driven Science on May 10, 2018, in Washington, D.C. The workshop featured speakers from universities, national laboratories, technology companies, and federal agencies who addressed the potential benefits and limitations of convergence as they relate to scientific needs, technological capabilities, funding structures, and system design requirements. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Integrating Social and Behavioral Sciences Within the Weather Enterprise

Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0309464250
Pages : 198 pages
Rating Book: 4.0/5 (39 users)

Download or read book Integrating Social and Behavioral Sciences Within the Weather Enterprise written by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and published by National Academies Press. This book was released on 2018-01-05 with total page 198 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Our ability to observe and forecast severe weather events has improved markedly over the past few decades. Forecasts of snow and ice storms, hurricanes and storm surge, extreme heat, and other severe weather events are made with greater accuracy, geographic specificity, and lead time to allow people and communities to take appropriate protective measures. Yet hazardous weather continues to cause loss of life and result in other preventable social costs. There is growing recognition that a host of social and behavioral factors affect how we prepare for, observe, predict, respond to, and are impacted by weather hazards. For example, an individual's response to a severe weather event may depend on their understanding of the forecast, prior experience with severe weather, concerns about their other family members or property, their capacity to take the recommended protective actions, and numerous other factors. Indeed, it is these factors that can determine whether or not a potential hazard becomes an actual disaster. Thus, it is essential to bring to bear expertise in the social and behavioral sciences (SBS)â€"including disciplines such as anthropology, communication, demography, economics, geography, political science, psychology, and sociologyâ€"to understand how people's knowledge, experiences, perceptions, and attitudes shape their responses to weather risks and to understand how human cognitive and social dynamics affect the forecast process itself. Integrating Social and Behavioral Sciences Within the Weather Enterprise explores and provides guidance on the challenges of integrating social and behavioral sciences within the weather enterprise. It assesses current SBS activities, describes the potential value of improved integration of SBS and barriers that impede this integration, develops a research agenda, and identifies infrastructural and institutional arrangements for successfully pursuing SBS-weather research and the transfer of relevant findings to operational settings.

Investing in Young Children for Peaceful Societies

Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0309449308
Pages : 100 pages
Rating Book: 4.0/5 (39 users)

Download or read book Investing in Young Children for Peaceful Societies written by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and published by National Academies Press. This book was released on 2016-11-14 with total page 100 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: With the worst human refugee crisis since World War II as the backdrop, from March 16 through March 18, 2016, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, in partnership with UNICEF and the King Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz International Center for Inter-religious and Intercultural Dialogue (KAICIID), held a workshop in Amman, Jordan, to explore topics related to investing in young children for peaceful societies. Over the course of the workshop, researchers, policy makers, program practitioners, funders, youth, and other experts came together to understand the effects of conflict and violence on children, women, and youth across areas of health, education, nutrition, social protection, and other domains. The goal of the workshop was to continue to fill in gaps in knowledge and explore opportunities for discourse through a process of highlighting the science and practice. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Bolting Reliability for Offshore Oil and Natural Gas Operations

Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0309465508
Pages : 146 pages
Rating Book: 4.0/5 (39 users)

Download or read book Bolting Reliability for Offshore Oil and Natural Gas Operations written by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and published by National Academies Press. This book was released on 2018-03-26 with total page 146 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Planning Committee on Connector Reliability for Offshore Oil and Natural Gas Operations held the Workshop on Bolting Reliability for Offshore Oil and Natural Gas Operations in Washington, D.C., on April 10-11, 2017. The workshop was designed to advance and develop a comprehensive awareness of the outstanding issues associated with fastener material failures and equipment reliability issues. Speakers and participants were also encouraged to discuss possible paths for ameliorating risks associated with fasteners used for subsea critical equipment in oil and gas operations. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

An Assessment of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Center for Neutron Research

Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0309389119
Pages : 31 pages
Rating Book: 4.0/5 (39 users)

Download or read book An Assessment of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Center for Neutron Research written by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and published by National Academies Press. This book was released on 2016-01-31 with total page 31 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: At the request of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine has, since 1959 annually assembled panels of experts from academia, industry, medicine, and other scientific and engineering environments to assess the quality and effectiveness of the NIST measurements and standards laboratories, of which there are now seven, as well as the adequacy of the laboratories’ resources. An Assessment of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Center for Neutron Research: Fiscal Year 2015 reviews the organization's technical programs, the portfolio of scientific expertise within the organization, the adequacy of the organization's facilities, equipment, and human resources, and the effectiveness with which the organization disseminates its program outputs.

Roundtable on Data Science Postsecondary Education

Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 030967770X
Pages : 223 pages
Rating Book: 4.0/5 (39 users)

Download or read book Roundtable on Data Science Postsecondary Education written by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and published by National Academies Press. This book was released on 2020-10-02 with total page 223 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Established in December 2016, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine's Roundtable on Data Science Postsecondary Education was charged with identifying the challenges of and highlighting best practices in postsecondary data science education. Convening quarterly for 3 years, representatives from academia, industry, and government gathered with other experts from across the nation to discuss various topics under this charge. The meetings centered on four central themes: foundations of data science; data science across the postsecondary curriculum; data science across society; and ethics and data science. This publication highlights the presentations and discussions of each meeting.

Strengthening Data Science Methods for Department of Defense Personnel and Readiness Missions

Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0309450810
Pages : 164 pages
Rating Book: 4.0/5 (39 users)

Download or read book Strengthening Data Science Methods for Department of Defense Personnel and Readiness Missions written by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and published by National Academies Press. This book was released on 2017-02-06 with total page 164 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Office of the Under Secretary of Defense (Personnel & Readiness), referred to throughout this report as P&R, is responsible for the total force management of all Department of Defense (DoD) components including the recruitment, readiness, and retention of personnel. Its work and policies are supported by a number of organizations both within DoD, including the Defense Manpower Data Center (DMDC), and externally, including the federally funded research and development centers (FFRDCs) that work for DoD. P&R must be able to answer questions for the Secretary of Defense such as how to recruit people with an aptitude for and interest in various specialties and along particular career tracks and how to assess on an ongoing basis service members' career satisfaction and their ability to meet new challenges. P&R must also address larger-scale questions, such as how the current realignment of forces to the Asia-Pacific area and other regions will affect recruitment, readiness, and retention. While DoD makes use of large-scale data and mathematical analysis in intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, and elsewhereâ€"exploiting techniques such as complex network analysis, machine learning, streaming social media analysis, and anomaly detectionâ€"these skills and capabilities have not been applied as well to the personnel and readiness enterprise. Strengthening Data Science Methods for Department of Defense Personnel and Readiness Missions offers and roadmap and implementation plan for the integration of data analysis in support of decisions within the purview of P&R.

Molybdenum-99 for Medical Imaging

Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0309445345
Pages : 263 pages
Rating Book: 4.0/5 (39 users)

Download or read book Molybdenum-99 for Medical Imaging written by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and published by National Academies Press. This book was released on 2016-10-28 with total page 263 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The decay product of the medical isotope molybdenum-99 (Mo-99), technetium-99m (Tc-99m), and associated medical isotopes iodine-131 (I-131) and xenon-133 (Xe-133) are used worldwide for medical diagnostic imaging or therapy. The United States consumes about half of the world's supply of Mo-99, but there has been no domestic (i.e., U.S.-based) production of this isotope since the late 1980s. The United States imports Mo-99 for domestic use from Australia, Canada, Europe, and South Africa. Mo-99 and Tc-99m cannot be stockpiled for use because of their short half-lives. Consequently, they must be routinely produced and delivered to medical imaging centers. Almost all Mo-99 for medical use is produced by irradiating highly enriched uranium (HEU) targets in research reactors, several of which are over 50 years old and are approaching the end of their operating lives. Unanticipated and extended shutdowns of some of these old reactors have resulted in severe Mo-99 supply shortages in the United States and other countries. Some of these shortages have disrupted the delivery of medical care. Molybdenum-99 for Medical Imaging examines the production and utilization of Mo-99 and associated medical isotopes, and provides recommendations for medical use.