Mass Deception

Publisher : Rutgers University Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0813549965
Pages : 210 pages
Rating Book: 4.1/5 (813 users)

Download or read book Mass Deception written by Scott A. Bonn and published by Rutgers University Press. This book was released on 2010-06-17 with total page 210 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The attacks of 9/11 led to a war on Iraq, although there was neither tangible evidence that the nation's leader, Saddam Hussein, was linked to Osama bin Laden nor proof of weapons of mass destruction. Why, then, did the Iraq war garner so much acceptance in the United States during its primary stages? Mass Deception argues that the George W. Bush administration manufactured public support for the war on Iraq. Scott A. Bonn introduces a unique, integrated, and interdisciplinary theory called "critical communication" to explain how and why political elites and the news media periodically create public panics that benefit both parties. Using quantitative analysis of public opinion polls and presidential rhetoric pre- and post-9/11 in the news media, Bonn applies the moral panic concept to the Iraq war. He critiques the war and occupation of Iraq as violations of domestic and international law. Finally, Mass Deception connects propaganda and distortion efforts by the Bush administration to more general theories of elite deviance and state crime.

Mass Deception

Publisher : Rutgers University Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0813547881
Pages : 211 pages
Rating Book: 4.1/5 (813 users)

Download or read book Mass Deception written by Scott A. Bonn and published by Rutgers University Press. This book was released on 2010 with total page 211 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "Mass Deception argues that the George W. Bush administration manufactured public support for the war on Iraq."--Page 4 of cover.

The Ashgate Research Companion to Moral Panics

Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN : 1317042433
Pages : 500 pages
Rating Book: 4.1/5 (317 users)

Download or read book The Ashgate Research Companion to Moral Panics written by Charles Krinsky and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2016-03-23 with total page 500 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Ashgate Research Companion to Moral Panics offers a comprehensive assemblage of cutting-edge critical and theoretical perspectives on the concept of moral panic. All chapters represent original research by many of the most influential theorists and researchers now working in the area of moral panic, including Nachman Ben-Yehuda and Erich Goode, Joel Best, Chas Critcher, Mary deYoung, Alan Hunt, Toby Miller, Willem Schinkel, Kenneth Thompson, Sheldon Ungar, and Grazyna Zajdow. Chapters come from a range of disciplines, including media studies, literary studies, history, legal studies, and sociology, with significant new elaborations on the concept of moral panic (and its future), informed and powerful critiques, and detailed empirical studies from several continents. A clear and comprehensive survey of a concept that is increasingly influential in a number of disciplines as well as in popular culture, this collection of the latest research in the field addresses themes including the evolution of the moral panic concept, sex panics, media panics, moral panics over children and youth, and the future of the moral panic concept.

Key Concepts in Crime and Society

Publisher : SAGE
Release Date :
ISBN : 1473925290
Pages : 200 pages
Rating Book: 4.7/5 (473 users)

Download or read book Key Concepts in Crime and Society written by Ross Coomber and published by SAGE. This book was released on 2014-12-15 with total page 200 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "A crucial text for whetting the academic appetite of those studying criminology at university. The comprehensive engagement with key crime and deviance debates and issues make this a perfect springboard for launching into the complex, diverse and exciting realm of researching criminology." - Dr Ruth Penfold-Mounce, University of York "Essential reading for those new to the discipline and an invaluable reference point for those well versed in criminology and the sociology of crime and deviance." - Dr Mark Monaghan, University of Leeds Key Concepts in Crime and Society offers an authoritative introduction to key issues in the area of crime as it connects to society. By providing critical insight into the key issues within each concept as well as highlighted cross-references to other key concepts, students will be helped to grasp a clear understanding of each of the topics covered and how they relate to broader areas of crime and criminality. The book is divided into three parts: Understanding Crime and Criminality: introduces topics such as the social construction of crime and deviance, social control, the fear of crime, poverty and exclusion, white collar crime, victims of crime, race/gender and crime. Types of Crime and Criminality: explores examples including human trafficking, sex work, drug crime, environmental crime, cyber crime, war crime, terrorism, and interpersonal violence. Responses to Crime: looks at areas such as crime and the media, policing, moral panics, deterrence, prisons and rehabilitation. The book provides an up-to-date, critical understanding on a wide range of crime related topics covering the major concepts students are likely to encounter within the fields of sociology, criminology and across the social sciences.

Global Islamophobia

Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN : 1317127722
Pages : 256 pages
Rating Book: 4.1/5 (317 users)

Download or read book Global Islamophobia written by George Morgan and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2016-04-22 with total page 256 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The decade since 9/11 has seen a decline in liberal tolerance in the West as Muslims have endured increasing levels of repression. This book presents a series of case studies from Western Europe, Australia and North America demonstrating the transnational character of Islamophobia. The authors explore contemporary intercultural conflicts using the concept of moral panic, revitalised for the era of globalisation. Exploring various sites of conflict, Global Islamophobia considers the role played by 'moral entrepreneurs' in orchestrating popular xenophobia and in agitating for greater surveillance, policing and cultural regulation of those deemed a threat to the nation's security or imagined community. This timely collection examines the interpenetration of the global and the local in the West's cultural politics towards Islam, highlighting parallels in the responses of governments and in the worrying reversion to a politics of coercion and assimilation. As such, it will be of interest to scholars of sociology and politics with interests in race and ethnicity; citizenship and assimilation; political communication, securitisation and The War on Terror; and moral panics.

Explaining the Iraq War

Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 1139503626
Pages : pages
Rating Book: 4.3/5 (139 users)

Download or read book Explaining the Iraq War written by Frank P. Harvey and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2011-10-20 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The almost universally accepted explanation for the Iraq War is very clear and consistent - the US decision to attack Saddam Hussein's regime on March 19, 2003 was a product of the ideological agenda, misguided priorities, intentional deceptions and grand strategies of President George W. Bush and prominent 'neoconservatives' and 'unilateralists' on his national security team. Despite the widespread appeal of this version of history, Frank P. Harvey argues that it remains an unsubstantiated assertion and an underdeveloped argument without a logical foundation. His book aims to provide a historically grounded account of the events and strategies which pushed the US-UK coalition towards war. The analysis is based on both factual and counterfactual evidence, combines causal mechanisms derived from multiple levels of analysis and ultimately confirms the role of path dependence and momentum as a much stronger explanation for the sequence of decisions that led to war.

'Is It Global War on Terrorism' or Global War over Terra Africana?

Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release Date :
ISBN : 0761869735
Pages : 264 pages
Rating Book: 4.6/5 (761 users)

Download or read book 'Is It Global War on Terrorism' or Global War over Terra Africana? written by Nkwazi Nkuzi Mhango and published by Rowman & Littlefield. This book was released on 2017-12-06 with total page 264 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume addresses the controversies of the global war on terror vis-à-vis Africa; and the way Africa is going to be negatively affected shall the war in point not be deconstructed so that the war on terror can be fought based on the consensus of all stakeholders for their collective interests.

The Oldest Trick in the Book

Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date :
ISBN : 9811555699
Pages : 399 pages
Rating Book: 4.1/5 (811 users)

Download or read book The Oldest Trick in the Book written by Ben M. Debney and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2020-07-03 with total page 399 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book investigates the normalisation of blame-shifting within ideological discourse as a broad feature of history, working from Churchill’s truism that history is written by the victors. To that end, it explores historical episodes of political persecution carried out under cover of moral panic, highlighting the process of ‘Othering’ common to each and theorising a historical model of panic-driven scapegoating from the results. Building this model from case studies in witch panic, communist panic and terrorist panic respectively, The Oldest Trick in the Book builds an argument that features common to each case study reflect broader historical patterning consistent with Churchill’s maxim. On this basis it argues that the periodic construction of bogeymen or ‘folk demons’ is a useful device for enabling the kind of victim-playing and victim-blaming critical to protecting elite privilege during periods of crisis and that in being a recurring theme historically, panic-driven scapegoating retains great ongoing value to the privileged and powerful, and thus conspicuously remains an ongoing feature of world politics.

Selling War, Selling Hope

Publisher : SUNY Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 1438457952
Pages : 433 pages
Rating Book: 4.3/5 (438 users)

Download or read book Selling War, Selling Hope written by Anthony R. DiMaggio and published by SUNY Press. This book was released on 2015-09-21 with total page 433 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Details how presidents utilize mass media to justify foreign policy objectives in the aftermath of 9/11. Modern presidents have considerable power in selling U.S. foreign policy objectives to the public. In Selling War, Selling Hope, Anthony R. DiMaggio documents how presidents often make use of the media to create a positive informational environment that, at least in the short term, successfully builds public support for policy proposals. Using timely case studies with a focus on the Arab Spring and the U.S. “War on Terror” in the Middle East and surrounding regions, DiMaggio explains how official spin is employed to construct narratives that are sympathetic to U.S. officialdom. The mass media, rather than exhibiting independence when it comes to reporting foreign policy issues, is regularly utilized as a political tool for selling official proposals. The marginalization of alternative, critical viewpoints poses a significant obstacle to informed public deliberations on foreign policy issues. In the long run, however, the packaging of official narrative and its delivery by the media begins to unravel as citizens are able to make use of alternative sources of information and assert their independence from official viewpoints. “Selling War, Selling Hope is an innovative project that pushes the fields of political science, political communication, public opinion, and presidential rhetoric into new and exciting directions. This book is essential reading.” — Mark Major, author of The Unilateral Presidency and the News Media: The Politics of Framing Executive Power “This eye-opening exposition offers a radical new conclusion to the debate over why Americans oppose wars: Americans oppose particular wars for moral reasons. By capturing the wide range of presidential rhetoric from fear to hope, DiMaggio documents the depths plumbed by political and other elites to manipulate the American public to support the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. In order to counteract American citizens’ moral opposition to war, political elites manipulate citizens’ fears into support for war by giving them hope, but the policies they choose, more often than not, lead to more war and reason for fear which creates a vicious cycle: fear—hope—war. The challenge we face is to break through the noise and the manipulation of political, economic, and military elites. DiMaggio offers us a way to see clearly.” — Amentahru Wahlrab, University of Texas at Tyler

Political Power in America

Publisher : State University of New York Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 1438476957
Pages : 514 pages
Rating Book: 4.3/5 (438 users)

Download or read book Political Power in America written by Anthony R. DiMaggio and published by State University of New York Press. This book was released on 2019-12-01 with total page 514 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Introduction to American politics and government, intended for students of political science. Provides a critical examination of both political institutions and political behavior. Analyzing major political institutions such as Congress, the courts, the presidency, and the media, this book chronicles how the interests of affluent Americans—particularly business, professional, and corporate interests—dominate over those of “average” citizens. Anthony R. DiMaggio examines American political behavior, as it relates to lobbying, citizen activism, media consumption, and voting, to demonstrate how the public is often misinformed and manipulated regarding major political and economic matters. However, record public distrust of the government and the increasing popularity of mass protests suggest that most Americans are deeply unhappy with the political status quo, and many are willing to fight for change. Political Power in America details this interplay between a political system dominated by the affluent few and the rise of mass political distrust and protest. It offers information and tools needed to better understand the democratic deficit in American politics, while providing opportunities for discussing what we might do to address the mounting crisis of declining democracy. Anthony R. DiMaggio is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Lehigh University. He is the author of The Politics of Persuasion: Economic Policy and Media Bias in the Modern Era and Selling War, Selling Hope: Presidential Rhetoric, the News Media, and U.S. Foreign Policy since 9/11, both published by SUNY Press.

Punishing Immigrants

Publisher : NYU Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0814749038
Pages : 272 pages
Rating Book: 4.1/5 (814 users)

Download or read book Punishing Immigrants written by Charis Elizabeth Kubrin and published by NYU Press. This book was released on 2012-10-15 with total page 272 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Arizona's controversial new immigration bill is just the latest of many steps in the new criminalization of immigrants. While many cite the presumed criminality of illegal aliens as an excuse for ever-harsher immigration policies, it has in fact been well-established that immigrants commit less crime, and in particular less violent crime, than the native-born and that their presence in communities is not associated with higher crime rates.Punishing Immigrantsmoves beyond debunking the presumed crime and immigration linkage, broadening the focus to encompass issues relevant to law and society, immigration and refugee policy, and victimization, as well as crime. The original essays in this volume uncover and identify the unanticipated and hidden consequences of immigration policies and practices here and abroad at a time when immigration to the U.S. is near an all-time high. Ultimately,Punishing Immigrantsilluminates the nuanced and layered realities of immigrants' lives, describing the varying complexities surrounding immigration, crime, law, and victimization.

Intercultural Communication in Japan

Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release Date :
ISBN : 1315516926
Pages : 244 pages
Rating Book: 4.1/5 (315 users)

Download or read book Intercultural Communication in Japan written by Satoshi Toyosaki and published by Taylor & Francis. This book was released on 2017-02-24 with total page 244 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Japan is heterogeneous and culturally diverse, both historically through ancient waves of immigration and in recent years due to its foreign relations and internationalization. However, Japan has socially, culturally, politically, and intellectually constructed a distinct and homogeneous identity. More recently, this identity construction has been rightfully questioned and challenged by Japan’s culturally diverse groups. This book explores the discursive systems of cultural identities that regenerate the illusion of Japan as a homogeneous nation. Contributors from a variety of disciplines and methodological approaches investigate the ways in which Japan’s homogenizing discourses are challenged and modified by counter-homogeneous message systems. They examine the discursive push-and-pull between homogenizing and heterogenizing vectors, found in domestic and transnational contexts and mobilized by various identity politics, such as gender, sexuality, ethnicity, foreign status, nationality, multiculturalism, and internationalization. After offering a careful and critical analysis, the book calls for a complicating of Japan’s homogenizing discourses in nuanced and contextual ways, with an explicit goal of working towards a culturally diverse Japan. Taking a critical intercultural communication perspective, this book will be of interest to students and scholars of Japanese Studies, Japanese Culture and Japanese Society.

The Cambridge Companion to Chomsky

Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 1316738752
Pages : pages
Rating Book: 4.1/5 (316 users)

Download or read book The Cambridge Companion to Chomsky written by James McGilvray and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2017-04-13 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This completely new edition of The Cambridge Companion to Chomsky surveys Chomsky's contributions to the science of language, to socioeconomic-political analysis and criticism, and to the study of the human mind. The first section focuses on the aims of Chomsky's recent 'biological-minimalist' turn in the science of language, and shows how Chomsky's view of the nature of language and its introduction to the human species has recently developed. The second section focuses on Chomsky's view of the mind and its parts - and how to study them. Finally, the third section examines some of Chomsky's many contributions to socio-political history and critique. This new edition examines Chomsky's views on a wide range of issues, from his views of the lexicon, language's evolution, and the study of mind to the status of capitalism and the Palestine-Israel conflict. It will be essential reading for anyone with an interest in Chomsky's ideas.

US Approaches to the Arab Uprisings

Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release Date :
ISBN : 1786733110
Pages : 288 pages
Rating Book: 4.8/5 (786 users)

Download or read book US Approaches to the Arab Uprisings written by Amentahru Wahlrab and published by Bloomsbury Publishing. This book was released on 2017-12-11 with total page 288 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: From nonviolent protests in Cairo and Manama to the ousting of Libya's Gaddafi and the beginning of the Syrian Civil War, the series of uprisings which swept through the Middle East and North Africa from late 2010 have been burdened with the collective hopes and expectations of the world. Western supporters quickly identified these uprisings as a collective 'awakening' - a move towards democracy - but the continued unrest in these regions defies many of these more optimistic contemporary predictions. As the region remains unstable, the US and their Western allies are faced with the challenging task of modifying their strategic foreign policy goals to suit the currently mercurial Arab World. The 'Arab Spring' and its failure exposed a new set of questions: What motivates American 'democracy promotion'? Does the US really want self-determination in the Middle-East and North Africa? Where did the expectations of the protestors fit into this narrative? U.S. Approaches to the Arab Uprisings provides a comprehensive assessment of Western foreign policy towards the Arab World today. With analysis on subjects as diverse as social media and Islamic centrism, and drawing from examples throughout the MENA region, the book deals with the perception of Arabs and Arab culture in the American psyche and its effect on East-West relations. By analyzing both Western responses to uprisings and the reactions of the protestors themselves, the contributors expose theoretical and practical inconsistencies that suggest a rising tension between those that promote democracy and those who practice it.

The Politics of Persuasion

Publisher : State University of New York Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 1438463464
Pages : 392 pages
Rating Book: 4.3/5 (438 users)

Download or read book The Politics of Persuasion written by Anthony R. DiMaggio and published by State University of New York Press. This book was released on 2017-02-21 with total page 392 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Examines how the US media covers high-profile public policy issues in the context of competing claims about media bias. Tracking the effects of media content on the public is a difficult endeavor, and media effects vary on a subject-to-subject basis. To address this challenge, The Politics of Persuasion employs a multifaceted, mixed method approach to studying mass media and public attitudes. Anthony R. DiMaggio analyzes more than a dozen case studies covering US domestic economic policy and examines a wide range of theories of how bias operates in mass media with regard to coverage of these issues. While some research claims that journalists are overly negative and biased against government officials, some reveals that journalists favor citizens groups. Still other studies contend there is a liberal bias in the media, a progovernment bias, or a bias in favor of advertisers and business interests. Through his analysis, DiMaggio is the first to systematically examine all of these competing interpretations. He concludes that reporters tailor stories to corporate and government interests, but argues that the ability to “manufacture consent” from the public in favor of these elite views is far from guaranteed. According to DiMaggio, citizens often make use of their own personal experiences and prior attitudes to challenge official narratives. Anthony R. DiMaggio is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Lehigh University and the author of Selling War, Selling Hope: Presidential Rhetoric, the News Media, and U.S. Foreign Policy since 9/11, also published by SUNY Press.

Rebellion in America

Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN : 1351247204
Pages : 282 pages
Rating Book: 4.5/5 (351 users)

Download or read book Rebellion in America written by Anthony DiMaggio and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2020-02-21 with total page 282 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In a time of rising inequality and plutocratic government, citizens’ movements are emerging with growing frequency to offer populist challenges to the declining living standards of masses of Americans, and to protest the conditions through which individuals suffer in poor communities across the country. This book looks at the progression of modern social uprisings in the post-2008 period, including the Tea Party, Occupy Wall Street, Black Lives Matter, the Bernie Sanders “Revolution,” Trump’s populism, the anti-Trump revolt, and #MeToo. A key theme is that populism and mass anger at the political-economic status quo take different forms depending on whether the protests are progressive-left or right-wing in orientation. Employing theories of elite politics and pluralism, and using a mixed methods approach, Anthony DiMaggio harnesses his rich experience with movement politics and his engagement with a wide range of media and public opinion data to explain where we are today and how we got here – always with an eye on moving ahead. Aimed at courses on social movements wherever they’re taught, this book also offers general readers insight into contemporary politics and protest.

Violent Subjects and Rhetorical Cartography in the Age of the Terror Wars

Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN : 1137480998
Pages : 207 pages
Rating Book: 4.3/5 (137 users)

Download or read book Violent Subjects and Rhetorical Cartography in the Age of the Terror Wars written by Heather Ashley Hayes and published by Springer. This book was released on 2016-05-25 with total page 207 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This work examines violence in the age of the terror wars with an eye toward the technologies of governance that create, facilitate, and circulate that violence. In performing a rhetorical cartography that explores the rise of the US armed drone program as well as moments of resistive violence that occurred during the Arab Spring directed at generating a counter-hegemony by Muslim populations, the author argues that the problem of the global terror wars is best addressed by a rhetorical understanding of the ways that governments, as well as individual subjects, turn to violence as a response to, or product of, the post September 11th terror society. When political examinations of terrorism are facilitated through understandings of discourse, clearer maps emerge of how violence functions to offer mechanisms by which governing bodies, and their subjects, evaluate the success or failure of the “War on Terror.” This book will be of interest to public policymakers and informed general readers as well as students and scholars in the fields of rhetoric, political theory, critical geography, US foreign relations/policy, war and peace studies, and cultural studies.