Advances in Integrated Soil Fertility Management in sub-Saharan Africa: Challenges and Opportunities

Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date :
ISBN : 1402057601
Pages : 1091 pages
Rating Book: 4.0/5 (42 users)

Download or read book Advances in Integrated Soil Fertility Management in sub-Saharan Africa: Challenges and Opportunities written by Andre Bationo and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2007-10-16 with total page 1091 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Food insecurity is a fundamental challenge to human welfare and economic growth in Africa. Low agricultural production leads to low incomes, poor nutrition, vulnerability to risk and threat and lack of empowerment. This book offers a comprehensive synthesis of agricultural research and development experiences from sub-Saharan Africa. The text highlights practical lessons from the sub-Saharan Africa region.

Voices from the Forest

Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN : 1136522271
Pages : 842 pages
Rating Book: 4.3/5 (136 users)

Download or read book Voices from the Forest written by Malcolm Cairns and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2010-09-30 with total page 842 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This handbook of locally based agricultural practices brings together the best of science and farmer experimentation, vividly illustrating the enormous diversity of shifting cultivation systems as well as the power of human ingenuity. Environmentalists have tended to disparage shifting cultivation (sometimes called 'swidden cultivation' or 'slash-and-burn agriculture') as unsustainable due to its supposed role in deforestation and land degradation. However, a growing body of evidence indicates that such indigenous practices, as they have evolved over time, can be highly adaptive to land and ecology. In contrast, 'scientific' agricultural solutions imposed from outside can be far more damaging to the environment. Moreover, these external solutions often fail to recognize the extent to which an agricultural system supports a way of life along with a society's food needs. They do not recognize the degree to which the sustainability of a culture is intimately associated with the sustainability and continuity of its agricultural system. Unprecedented in ambition and scope, Voices from the Forest focuses on successful agricultural strategies of upland farmers. More than 100 scholars from 19 countries--including agricultural economists, ecologists, and anthropologists--collaborated in the analysis of different fallow management typologies, working in conjunction with hundreds of indigenous farmers of different cultures and a broad range of climates, crops, and soil conditions. By sharing this knowledge--and combining it with new scientific and technical advances--the authors hope to make indigenous practices and experience more widely accessible and better understood, not only by researchers and development practitioners, but by other communities of farmers around the world.

Soils, Plant Growth and Crop Production - Volume III

Publisher : EOLSS Publications
Release Date :
ISBN : 1848263694
Pages : 492 pages
Rating Book: 4.4/5 (848 users)

Download or read book Soils, Plant Growth and Crop Production - Volume III written by Willy H. Verheye and published by EOLSS Publications. This book was released on 2010-11-30 with total page 492 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Soils, Plant Growth and Crop Production is a component of Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty Encyclopedias. Plants, and crops in particular, grow and develop through the uptake of water and nutrients by the root system in soils and their transformation into biomass through processes governed by photosynthesis. The quality and amount of products harvested from this biomass depend largely on the intrinsic properties of the soil, i.e. the moisture and nutrients made available for uptake by the roots. These volumes describe in a synthetic form the impact of the most important soil properties on general agronomy, crop production, cultivation methods, and yields, including the specific management aspects which take away some production constraints. Changes in general agronomy as a result of plant breeding, climatic change and competition between newly introduced crops are discussed. The three volumes with contributions from distinguished experts in the field discusses about soils, plant growth and crop production in several related topics. These volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

The Role of Soils in Sustaining Society and the Environment

Publisher :
Release Date :
ISBN :
Pages : 270 pages
Rating Book: 4.5/5 (55 users)

Download or read book The Role of Soils in Sustaining Society and the Environment written by Alfred E. Hartemink and published by . This book was released on 2009 with total page 270 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Soils and Food Security

Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date :
ISBN : 1849734267
Pages : 231 pages
Rating Book: 4.4/5 (849 users)

Download or read book Soils and Food Security written by Ronald E. Hester and published by Royal Society of Chemistry. This book was released on 2012 with total page 231 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Soil is essential to agriculture and a resource that cannot be replaced easily. Nevertheless, its importance to food production and the threats to its sustainability are often overlooked. This book, the 35th volume of Issues in Environmental Science and Technology, examines the current status of soils across the globe and their potential for food production to meet the needs of the World's population in the 21st Century. Threats, such as the degradation, pollution and erosion of soil are discussed, along with the possible consequences of climate change for soil and food production. As an ecosystem service, soil also serves to capture nutrients and sequester carbon, and these issues are discussed in the context of adding value to soil protection. The influence of modern agricultural techniques in enhancing soil productivity is also discussed. Throughout the book case studies support the discussion. Together with the books on Ecosystem Services, Sustainable Water, and Environmental Impacts of Modern Agriculture, this addition to the series will be essential reading for anyone concerned with the environment, whether as scientist, policy maker, student or lay reader.

Encyclopedia of Soil Science

Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 9780849350542
Pages : 1923 pages
Rating Book: 4.5/5 (35 users)

Download or read book Encyclopedia of Soil Science written by Rattan Lal and published by CRC Press. This book was released on 2006 with total page 1923 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "Upholding the high standard of quality set by the previous edition, this two-volume second edition offers a vast array of recent peer-reviewed articles. It showcases research and practices with added sections on ISTIC-World Soil Information, root growth and agricultural management, nitrate leaching management, podzols, paramos soils, water repellant soils, rare earth elements, and more. With hundreds of entries covering tillage, irrigation, erosion control, ground water, and soil degradation, the book offers quick access to all branches of soil science, from mineralology and physics, to soil management, restoration, and global warming."--Publisher's website.

Ecology of Indonesian Papua Part One

Publisher : Tuttle Publishing
Release Date :
ISBN : 1462906796
Pages : 784 pages
Rating Book: 4.6/5 (462 users)

Download or read book Ecology of Indonesian Papua Part One written by Andrew J. Marshall and published by Tuttle Publishing. This book was released on 2011-07-19 with total page 784 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Ecology of Papua provides a comprehensive review of current scientific knowledge on all aspects of the natural history of western (Indonesian) New Guinea. Designed for students of conservation, environmental workers, and academic researchers, it is a richly detailed text, dense with biogeographical data, historical reference, and fresh insight on this complicated and marvelous region. We hope it will serve to raise awareness of Papua on a global as well as local scale, and to catalyze effective conservation of its most precious natural assets. New Guinea is the largest and highest tropical island, and one of the last great wilderness areas remaining on Earth. Papua, the western half of New Guinea, is noteworthy for its equatorial glaciers, its vast forested floodplains, its imposing central mountain range, its Raja Ampat Archipelago, and its several hundred traditional forest-dwelling societies. One of the wildest places left in the world, Papua possesses extraordinary biological and cultural diversity. Today, Papua’s environment is under threat from growing outside pressures to exploit its expansive forests and to develop large plantations of oil palm and biofuels. It is important that Papua’s leadership balance economic development with good resource management, to ensure the long-term well-being of its culturally diverse populace.

Soil in Space and Time

Publisher :
Release Date :
ISBN :
Pages : 428 pages
Rating Book: 4.2/5 (24 users)

Download or read book Soil in Space and Time written by Alfred E. Hartemink and published by . This book was released on 2009 with total page 428 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Advances in Agronomy

Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0128174137
Pages : 338 pages
Rating Book: 4.2/5 (128 users)

Download or read book Advances in Agronomy written by Donald L. Sparks and published by Academic Press. This book was released on 2019-10-06 with total page 338 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Advances in Agronomy, Volume 158, continues to be recognized as a leading reference and first-rate source for the latest research in agronomy. Each volume contains an eclectic group of reviews by leading scientists throughout the world. As always, the subjects covered are rich, varied, and exemplary of the abundant subject matter addressed by this long-running serial. Includes numerous, timely, state-of-the-art reviews on the latest advancements in agronomy Features distinguished, well recognized authors from around the world Builds upon this venerable and iconic review series Covers the extensive variety and breadth of subject matter in the crop and soil sciences

Field to Palette

Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 1351582429
Pages : 683 pages
Rating Book: 4.5/5 (351 users)

Download or read book Field to Palette written by Alexandra Toland and published by CRC Press. This book was released on 2018-11-01 with total page 683 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Field to Palette: Dialogues on Soil and Art in the Anthropocene is an investigation of the cultural meanings, representations, and values of soil in a time of planetary change. The book offers critical reflections on some of the most challenging environmental problems of our time, including land take, groundwater pollution, desertification, and biodiversity loss. At the same time, the book celebrates diverse forms of resilience in the face of such challenges, beginning with its title as a way of honoring locally controlled food production methods championed by "field to plate" movements worldwide. By focusing on concepts of soil functionality, the book weaves together different disciplinary perspectives in a collection of dialogue texts between artists and scientists, interviews by the editors and invited curators, essays and poems by earth scientists and humanities scholars, soil recipes, maps, and DIY experiments. With contributions from over 100 internationally renowned researchers and practitioners, Field to Palette presents a set of visual methodologies and worldviews that expand our understanding of soil and encourage readers to develop their own interpretations of the ground beneath our feet.

Soil Science Americana

Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date :
ISBN : 3030711358
Pages : 623 pages
Rating Book: 4.3/5 (3 users)

Download or read book Soil Science Americana written by Alfred E. Hartemink and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2021-09-14 with total page 623 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book narrates how the study of the soil became a science and institutionalized in the USA between 1860 and 1960. The story meanders through the activities, ideas, publications, and correspondence of people who influenced the progressions, that led to the budding and early blossoming of American and international soil science. Interwoven is a tale of two farm boys who grew up 900 km apart in the Midwest USA in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Emil Truog and Charles Kellogg met in the late 1920s and shared a natural connection to the soil. Both were practical pioneers and believed that understanding soils was crucial to helping people on the land make a better living. The USA is a big country, its soil science is geographically intertwined, and the cradle of its history primes back to a few people. “Soil Science Americana is an intellectual biography, not of one individual but of a new scientific field from its emergence to its complete coming of age.” — Louise O. Fresco, President, Wageningen University and Research “In a lively, personal voice, Hartemink traces the roots of modern soil science in the United States...creating a book that will engage both the expert and non-expert in the underappreciated field of soil science.” — Jo Handelsman, Director, Wisconsin Institute for Discovery “The intellectual master piece is of interest to soil scientists, general public and the policy makers, and will remain pertinent for generations to come.” — Rattan Lal, World Food Prize Laureate 2020, The Ohio State University

Precision agriculture '15

Publisher : Wageningen Academic Publishers
Release Date :
ISBN : 9086868142
Pages : 752 pages
Rating Book: 4.8/5 (86 users)

Download or read book Precision agriculture '15 written by John V. Stafford and published by Wageningen Academic Publishers. This book was released on 2015-07-02 with total page 752 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Precision agriculture is now 'main stream' in agriculture and is playing a key role as the industry comes to terms with the environment, market forces, quality requirements, traceability, vehicle guidance and crop management. Research continues to be necessary - and needs to be reported and disseminated to a wide audience. These proceedings contain reviewed papers presented at the 10th European Conference on Precision Agriculture, held at the Volcani Centre, Israel. The papers reflect the wide range of disciplines that impinge on precision agriculture - technology, crop science, soil science, agronomy, information technology, decision support, remote sensing and others. The broad range of research topics reported will be a valuable resource for researchers, advisors, teachers and professionals in agriculture long after the conference has finished.

Developments and Trends in Soil Science

Publisher :
Release Date :
ISBN :
Pages : 214 pages
Rating Book: 4.2/5 (25 users)

Download or read book Developments and Trends in Soil Science written by Alfred E. Hartemink and published by . This book was released on 2001 with total page 214 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Advances in Agronomy

Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date :
ISBN : 9780080463278
Pages : 360 pages
Rating Book: 4.6/5 (463 users)

Download or read book Advances in Agronomy written by and published by Elsevier. This book was released on 2011-07-29 with total page 360 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Advances in Agronomy continues to be recognized as a leading reference and a first-rate source for the latest research in agronomy. As always, the subjects covered are varied and exemplary of the myraid of subject matter dealt with by this long-running serial. Volume 89 contains six comprehensive and timely reviews. Chapter 1 presents a thorough coverage of wet chemistry and state-of-the art molecular scale techniques, such as x-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopies, that can be used to characterize phosphorus in organic wastes. Chapter 2 discusses the Wheat Genetics Resource Center that has served the scientific community for 25 years. These resources have been useful to scientists in 45 countries and 39 of the states in the U.S. Chapter 3 covers various aspects of the biology and management of Stevia, a sweet herb of Paraguay. Chapter 4 is a timely review of aspects of soil fertility decline in the tropics as assessed by soil chemical measurements. Chapter 5 covers nematode interactions and assessment of models for their control on crop plants. Chapter 6 presents data and algorithms on ammonia emission form animal operations, a current area of much interest in the area of environmental quality. Over 40 figures and 32 tables Presents a review of the present and future status of soil science Offers an analysis of biodiversity in agronomy

The Soils of Serbia

Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN : 9401786607
Pages : 225 pages
Rating Book: 4.0/5 (41 users)

Download or read book The Soils of Serbia written by Pavle Pavlović and published by Springer. This book was released on 2017-04-25 with total page 225 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The main objective of this book is to present the distribution and diversity of major soil types in Serbia. It focuses on giving a detailed description of the physical, chemical and biological properties of soil and their geomorphological forms, as well as the geological characteristics of parent material. An integrative approach is used to study the interaction between climate, vegetation and geology in soil formation. Special attention is paid to human-induced soil degradation due to the erosion and contamination of soils in Serbia. The book includes a harmonization of national soil classification systems, with the FAO, WBR and ESD systems.

Crop Diversification and Chemical Pollution

Publisher : Archers & Elevators Publishing House
Release Date :
ISBN : 9385640623
Pages : pages
Rating Book: 4.8/5 (385 users)

Download or read book Crop Diversification and Chemical Pollution written by Dr.N.Karunakaran and published by Archers & Elevators Publishing House. This book was released on with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Accélérer la réduction de la pauvreté en Afrique

Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release Date :
ISBN : 1464814376
Pages : 308 pages
Rating Book: 4.6/5 (464 users)

Download or read book Accélérer la réduction de la pauvreté en Afrique written by Kathleen Beegle and published by World Bank Publications. This book was released on 2019-10-09 with total page 308 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Le redressement de l’Afrique subsaharienne a été spectaculaire au cours des deux dernières décennies. Après de nombreuses années de déclin, l’économie du continent a commencé à reprendre de la vigueur au milieu des années 90. Grâce à cette croissance macroéconomique, la santé de la population s’est améliorée, le nombre des jeunes fréquentant l’école a augmenté, et le taux d'extrême pauvreté a diminué de 54 % en 1990 à 41 % en 2015. La région a connu moins de conflits (en dépit de ceux qui couvent dans certains pays et du nombre inquiétant des personnes déplacées), un élargissement des libertés politiques et sociales, et des progrès dans l’égalité hommes-femmes. Malgré ces avancées, les défis sont énormes. La croissance économique a ralenti au cours des dernières années. Les taux de pauvreté affichés dans de nombreux pays sont les plus élevés du monde. Et la croissance démographique africaine provoque une augmentation du nombre des pauvres du continent. Au niveau mondial, on assiste à un déplacement de la pauvreté de l'Asie du Sud vers l'Afrique. La stabilité et la croissance macroéconomiques sont certes des composantes essentielles de la réduction de la pauvreté et de l’amélioration du bien-être, mais elles ne sont pas suffisantes. Ce rapport explore les points d’entrée critiques et les domaines d’action prioritaires pour l’accélération de la réduction de la pauvreté en Afrique. Au-delà de la stabilité et de la croissance macroéconomiques, il cherche à savoir ce qui peut encore être fait et à identifier les points sur lesquels les décideurs devraient se concentrer pour réduire la pauvreté. Un agenda des politiques favorable aux pauvres requiert de la croissance aux endroits où ceux-ci vivent et travaillent, ainsi que de s’attaquer aux nombreux risques auxquels les ménages sont exposés. En conséquence de quoi, le présent rapport a ajouté une optique « emplois » à son travail. Il met carrément l’accent sur la productivité et les moyens de subsistance des pauvres et des personnes vulnérables, autrement dit sur ce qui est nécessaire pour accroître leurs revenus. Il s’attache enfin à la manière de financer l’agenda de lutte contre la pauvreté et de développement.